Understanding A Heat Pump System

Your home’s heating system is perhaps the most important system, even more so than the air conditioning system. This is because heat will keep your plumbing system from freezing and causing damage during the winter. Your heating system is typically divided into two parts: the heat pump and auxiliary heat. Heating contractor in Stockton CA should understand the importance of an efficient heat pump system in your home.

What is a Heat Pump System?

A heat pump system is the primary heating element in your home. It is typically a whole house system, although zonal systems are becoming more popular for larger homes. A heat pump operates much like a refrigerator, using a coolant and electricity to turn cool air into warm air. This is done by transferring warm air to a cooler space and transferring cool air to a warmer space. It uses a two part system comprised of an air handler on the inside of the home and a heat pump on the outside of the home. The heat pump on the outside is similar to a central air unit.

Why Have A Heat Pump?

The most common reason people choose a heat pump for their home is that is highly efficient and, if properly serviced, it can save you money on your energy bill.

What About Maintenance?

Proper regular maintenance of your heat pump is vital to keeping your pump operationally efficient and reducing your energy bill each month. The most common routine maintenance involves changing the air filters on your heat pump about every 90 days or so and ensuring the airflow throughout the entire system is maintained. This is done through cleaning the fan motors and coils of the heat pump and also by keeping the ventilation system clean. You should also maintain the heat pumps Freon levels to prevent the pump from overworking. This should be done at least annually. A well-maintained heat pump system can save you upwards of 30% on your energy bill versus a poorly maintained system.

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How Does The System Work?

A heat pump will maintain a certain heating level inside of your home using the method described above. This is typically set at around 40 degrees and is called the balance point of your heating system. What this means is that when the temperature drops below 40 degrees the homes auxiliary heating units will be activated in order to maintain the inside temperature. This prevents the heat pump from overworking itself during spikes in cold weather. Your home’s auxiliary electric heating uses more electricity than the heat pump, which costs more. That is why it is so important to maintain your heat pump system.

As you prepare to replace your existing heating and cooling system with a heat pump system it is important to understand how it works. Now that your know the differences between a heat pump and a central air system you can decide which system will work best for your home.